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Basic Components of a Pitched Roof

We have put together this basic guide to the components that make up your roof. You might find this to be useful if you need to call us to describe a problem and will hopefully help you to understand how your roof works!!

Roof Parts

A new roof consists not just of the type of roof covering you choose, but the entire structure. There are many different styles of new roofing and this is mainly dictated by your budget, local climate and the preferred style of your property type. The main roof components are listed below-

Eaves: The eaves of a roof are the lowest horizontal edge.

The eaves may terminate flush with the outer face of the wall, in which case it is known as ‘flush eaves’. Eaves may also project out beyond the external wall, with a soffit below.

Verge: the edge of a roof which runs from eaves to ridge at a gable.

Gable: The upper part of a side wall, usually triangular shaped, that comes to a point at the ridge of a sloping roof.

Rafters: lengths of timber that rise from the eaves at the bottom of the roof to the ridge apex at the top. Rafters support a pitched roof covering.

Ridge: The highest point of a pitched roof that receives the head of the spars (also called rafters or common rafters).

Ridge Tile: a purpose-designed tile that covers the ridge apex of a pitched roof.

Hipped roof: a term used to describe a pitched roof, the ends of which are also sloped and meet at an external angle.

Valley: an internal angle formed by the intersection of two roof surfaces, typically at 90°. The wood member at the intersection is called the valley rafter.

Abutment: a junction where a pitched roof surface adjoins a wall or similar structural feature This is commonly seen in roof and building extensions.

If the above makes no sense at all-do not worry!! We can come to your property and perform our own survey to identify the source of the problem.


Just call our friendly team to arrange a roof survey and for a free quote, we are more than happy to offer our professional advice and with over 20 years in the roofing industry across the North west of England our team know their roofs!!


07917 673 381


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